Legal Issues

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Legal Principles
The Declaration Of Independence  
The Constitution of the Untied States   Some Pertinent Provisions  
The Federalist Papers;   Findlaw's Annotations
The Commerce Clause - the Source of Federal Plenary Power?
by Robert G. Natelson  
Definitions  
The Agenda of the Tribal Establishment
by Darrel Smith
One People. One Law. by Lana Marcussen
Where's the Government's Authority for Federal Indian Policy? by Darrel Smith
Where's the Government's Authority? .   .  . Revisited by Darrel Smith
Why Indians are Second Class Citizens   by Darrel Smith
Where's the Government's Authority to Acquire Land? by Jim Tenny
Accountability and Its Effect on Indian Law by Lana Marcussen
How Tyranny Came to America
by Joseph Sobran
Handbook of Federal Indian Law 
by Felix S. Cohen (Warning: Cohen was biased in favor of inherent tribal sovereignty and his bias affects his handbook. For our view of sovereignty see the "Sovereignty" section. A more reliable Indian law handbook is reviewed below.)

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Important United States Supreme Courts Cases Affecting Indian Law
CERA's list of US Supreme Court Decisions impacting Indian Law

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New York State land issues
City of Sherrill Supreme Court decision

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CERA In depth Supreme Court case analysis
United States v. Billy Jo Lara
do tribal members have double jeopardy rights?

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Briefs and Complaints:
Amicus Brief for the Atkinson Case 
Amicus Briefs for the Lara Case
  
  

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The Indian Claims Commission:
  Part I, Part II,  Part III
As Congress itself pointed out, the purpose of the Act was to "bring this practice to an end and to settle once and for all every claim [Indian tribes] could possibly have under the categories set forth in the law."

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Tribal Courts:
Historical Development and Status of Indian Courts:
A Brief Tribal Court History
from The Native American Press/Ojibwe News 
 
Civil and Constitutional Abuses in Indian Courts:
The Jawnie Hough Case
from The Native American Press/Ojibwe News
Also see articles in the "Real Stories" section of the web site

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Tribal Courts In The News
Lawyers Argue Over Tribal Courts
from the Associated Press
Tribal Court Ignores Responsibility  
American Indians and Crime

 
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Selected Legal Issues
Definition of Indian Country   
"Indian Country" Revisited 
by Cindy Rasmussen
Taxation
Indian Criminal Jurisdiction
Sovereign Immunity from Suit
Indian Civil Rights
Employment Discrimination
Kennewick Man Issue

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Native American Indian Treaties   (This file includes treaties but not the vast number of agreements made between the U. S. Government and Indian tribes after the close of the treaty period in 1871. These agreements altered many of the earlier treaties.)

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List of Federal Legal Authorities
Early Laws: to 1902     to 1913   
List of Acts Treaties and Executive Orders  (large file)
 

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Judge R.A. (Jim) Randall: MN Court of Appeals Opinions:
Sylvia COHEN, Appellant, v. LITTLE SIX, INC.
Granite Valley Hotel Limited Partnership, v. Jackpot Junction Bingo and Casino
   

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President Clinton's Executive Orders
Executive Memorandum of April 29, 1994

Executive Order # 13007 of May 24, 1996      
Executive Order # 13084 of May 14, 1998

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Interior and Commerce Secretarial Order
Interior and Commerce  Secretarial Order #3206   
Interior's Q & A about Secretarial Order # 3206
  

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Law Enforcement Issues
US Attorney General Expresses Concern Over Terrorist Activity on Indian Reservations - John Ashcroft 

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U. N. "Global Governance"
Section on Indigenous People(s)/Populations
Draft U. N. Declaration on Indigenous Rights
Sovereignty International, Inc  
World Religion

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Legal Book Review
The American Indian Law Deskbook by the Conference of Western Attorneys General

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Legal Links
FindLaw  Findlaw Search Engine  FirstGov  Law  Fedlaw   
Cornell's Law Library  Congress' Law Library   
Indiana's Law Library  State, Fed. and International Law  
U. S. Code: Title 25 - Indians  U. S. Code - House Version   
Code of Fed. Regulations: Title 25 - Indians   
The Official Federal Judiciary  Site
   Supreme Court   
Circuit Court Opinions  Docket Numbers etc. 
Thomas Legislative Information  The National Archives   
House and Senate Bill List and Tracking
Senate Indian Affairs Committee    Library of Congress   
Dept. of the Interior
  Bureau of Indian Affairs  
National Tribal Justice Resource Center   
National Indian Law Library    
Reservation Information and Contact Information  
Federal and State Courts Locator   State Courts   
The Online College links to the Internet Law Library   
Government Sites
   Congressional Campaigns    
GPO Access  Congressional e-mail directory  
Rule of Law Information