Official and Final Report of the FBI
on Alleged Racist Murders of Indians in South Dakota


 Listed below are the case histories. Each case lists the name of the deceased individual followed by the allegation of Indian activists. Each allegation is then followed by a "finding" or conclusion to each case based on evidence assembled by the FBI. This is the official FBI report:

Leon L. Swift Bird

Allegation: 

AIM member killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs ["Guardians of the Oglala Nation"]. 
Investigation "ongoing."

Finding: 

On 01/05/1975, Leon L. Swift Bird was killed in Indian country, near Pine Ridge, within the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, by Dorothy Iris Poor Bear. Poor Bear stabbed Swift Bird to death with a knife. 

Disposition: On 09/15/1975, Dorothy Iris Poor Bear appeared in U.S. District Court, Rapid City, South Dakota, and entered a guilty plea to the outstanding indictment of Voluntary Manslaughter in violation of Title 18, U.S. Code, Sections 1153 and 1112. On same date, Poor Bear was sentenced to the custody of the Attorney General for a period of three years. Execution of the sentence was suspended for same period, and Poor Bear was placed on probation. 


Lydla Cut Grass

Allegation:

AIM member killed at Wounded Knee by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding: 

On 01/05/1976, Lydla Cut Grass died as a result of over consumption of alcohol. It was initially believed that Cut Grass may have been killed by Darlene Grace Black Bear at Cut Grass' residence at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, as a result of a beating inflicted by Black Bear three weeks prior to her death. The FBI was asked to investigate the matter, and through the finding of an autopsy it was determined her death was not linked to the beating.


Edward Means, Jr.

Allegation:

AIM member found dead in Pine Ridge alley, beaten.
No investigation.

Finding: 
On 01/07/1974, Edward Means, Jr. was found dead in an alley behind the Wesleyan Lakota Mission in Pine Ridge, South Dakota.

Disposition: On 01/25/1974, AUSA Edward Carpenter, Rapid City, South Dakota, requested a copy of the closing communication re the death of Means, as well as the autopsy report. The autopsy report indicated cause of death to be hypothermia, related to acute alcoholic intoxication. 


Byron DeSersa

Allegation: 
OSCRO organizer and AIM supporter assassinated by GOONs in Wanblee. Arrests by local authorities resulted in two GOONs - Dale Janis and Charlie Winters, serving two years of five year sentences for "manslaughter." Charges dropped against two GOON leaders, Manny Wilson and Chuck Richards, on the basis of "self-defense" despite DeSersa having been unarmed when shot to death.

Finding:

01/31/1976, Byron DeSersa 

Byron De Sersa of Wanblee, SD was shot and killed on 1/31/76 while driving his motor vehicle on the outskirts of Wanblee, SD. Defendants Billie Dean Wilson and Lonnie Dean Bettelyoun were found not guilty by a jury on 3/2/77. Codefendant Charles David Winters pleaded guilty to accessory after the fact to second degree murder and was sentenced to 5 years in prison. Defendant Dale Francis Janis was tried on second degree murder charges and found guilty by a federal jury and was sentenced 5/16/77 under the Federal Youth Corrections Act, 18 U.S.C. 4219 until pardoned by the Bureau of Prisons or the U.S. Parole Commission.


Anna Mae Pictou Aquash

Allegation:

AIM organizer assassinated on Pine Ridge. 
FBI involved in attempt to conceal cause of death. Ongoing attempt to establish "AIM involvement" in murder. Key FBI personnel never deposed. Coroner never deposed.

Finding:

In September, 1976, Anna Mae Pictou Aquash's partially decomposed body was discovered in a remote area in the northeastern part of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota. Cause of death was eventually determined to be a gunshot wound to the head. Through crime scene and other investigation it became apparent that Aquash had been executed (unsolved). 

In June, 1975, FBI SAs Jack Coler and Ron Williams were ambushed and killed execution-style on Pine Ridge. The ensuring major case investigation, RESMURS, resulted in the trial and conviction of Leonard Peltier, and the trial and acquittal of two other individuals. Some attention had been focused on Aquash for her possible knowledge about and/or involvement in the slayings. Investigation disclosed that rumors began circulating that Aquash was cooperating with the government and was an FBI informant. These rumors were unfounded and untrue. Aquash died while in fugitive status for her failure to appear in U.S. District Court, Pierre, South Dakota.

The coroner was never deposed as he died shortly after performing the autopsy on Aquash.


Lena R. Slow Bear

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Oglala by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding: 

On 02/06/1976, Lena R. Slow Bear was found dead beside the road near Pine Ridge, South Dakota. 

Disposition: On 03/30/1976, AUSA Bruce W. Boyd, Rapid City, South Dakota, advised declination of any criminal prosecution and further investigation. An autopsy showed death was caused by alcohol intoxication and exposure. 


Edward Standing Soldier

Allegation: 
AIM member killed near Pine Ridge by "party or parties unknown."
No investigation.

Finding:

On 02/18/1974, Edward Joseph Standing Soldier died of a gunshot wound to the abdomen. This information was determined by investigation of Les Davis from Pine Ridge death certificates. 


Martin Montileaux

Allegation: 

Killed in a Scenic, South Dakota, bar. AIM leader Richard Marshall later framed for his murder. Russell Means also charged and acquitted.

Finding:

On 03/07/1975, Martin Montileaux died after being shot in the neck in a bar in Scenic, South Dakota. Russell Means and Richard Marshall were arrested by the Pennington County Sheriff's Office for the shooting of Montileaux. Montileaux's dying declaration was, "Russell Means' friend" was the person who shot him. 

Disposition: Investigated by local authorities. Scenic, South Dakota, is approximately 20 miles north of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation border. The FBI had no investigative jurisdiction in this matter. 


Hobart Horse

Allegation: 
AIM member beaten, shot and repeatedly run over with automobile at Sharp's Corners. No Investigation.

Finding:

Hobart Kenneth Horse - died on 3/27/77 from multiple gunshot wounds.

Minneapolis file 198-622

Roger James Cline was charged with the shooting death of Horse on 3/28/77 and found guilty of voluntary manslaughter on 9/8/77. Cline was sentenced to 10 years.

Stacy Cotter

Allegation:

Shot to death in an ambush at Manderson.
No investigation.

Finding:

03/20/1975 Stacy Cotter, true name Stacy G. Cortier, aka Stacy G. Cottier

The body of Stacy Cortier was found 3/21/75 in Manderson, SD with numerous bullet wounds. Cortier was shot some time during the evening or early morning of 3/20-21/75. After apparent arguments and a car being shot up, Jerry Bear Shield may have been shot in the neck by Cortier and Bear Shield in turn killed Cortier. Jerry Bear Shield was convicted 10/23/75 upon plea of guilty in USDC, Rapid City, SD to an information charging violation of USC, Section 1153 and 1112 (Voluntary Manslaughter). Bear Shield was sentenced to one year in custody. The indictment of 9/4/75 of Second Degree Murder was dismissed. 


Edith Eagle Hawk
(and her two children) 

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed in an automobile accident after being run off the road by a white vigilante, Albert Coomes. Coomes was also killed in the accident. GOON Mark Clifford identified as having also been in the Coomes car, escaped. Investigation closed without questioning Clifford.

Finding:

Edith Eagle Hawk 
No case found
Died 03/21/1975 according to case sheet. 


Cleveland Reddest

Allegation:

AIM member killed at Kyle by "person or persons unknown."
No investigation.

Finding:

Cleveland Reddest 
File # 70-11558 
Age 23 
Died 3/26/1976 

Died as a result of a hit and run accident on a road, 18 miles east of Kyle, South Dakota. Evidence points to Reddest lying in the road before the accident. Possible suspects Linda White Crane and Aloysius White Crane. Both took polygraph exams and it is felt neither was deceptive during questioning. Both agreed Aloysius was driving the vehicle that hit Reddest but it was not intentional. On 5/12/1976 Federal Grand Jury, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, returned a no bill on this matter. Case closed. All evidence destroyed.


Jeanette Bissonette 

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed by sniper at Pine Ridge. Unsuccessful attempt to link AIM members to murder. No other investigation.

Finding:

Jeanette Bissonette 
File # 198-504 
DOB: 06/11/1939
Died 03/26/1975

Shot and killed about eight miles north of Pine Ridge, South Dakota, when her car broke down on her way home from the wake of a recent murder victim on the reservation. Shot with a .35 caliber Remington. No positive information was developed to identify the individual responsible. Case closed administratively.


Richard Eagle

Allegation:

Grandson of AIM supporter Gladys Bissonette killed while playing with loaded gun kept in the house as protection from GOON attacks.

Finding:

Richard Eagle
File # 70-9827 
Age 11 
Shot 03/30/1975; died 03/31/1975 

Died of a gunshot wound to the head. Eagle was shot with a .22 caliber sawed off shotgun rifle he and other children were handling in his grandmother's (Gladys Bissonette) home on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Gladys advised interviewing agents to contact her attorney with any questions. On 04/09/1975, South Dakota AUSA Von Wald advised since this case appears to be accidental he wanted the matter referred to ATF for investigation of the National Firearms Act. On 04/10/1975, the above named weapon was turned over to Donald Herman, U.S. Marshal, Rapid City, South Dakota, to be held as evidence. FBI discontinued investigation.


Hilda R. Good Buffalo

Allegation: 
AIM supporter stabbed to death at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Hilda R. Good Buffalo 
File # 70-9834 
Age 81
Found dead 04/04/1975

Found dead in her home in Pine Ridge. She did have a superficial stab wound on her neck and there had been a small fire in her home. The autopsy stated the cause of death as carbon monoxide poisoning; acute alcoholism and other items were noted on the autopsy. Source advised Douglas White and Douglas Chief killed Good Buffalo for $60. All incriminating statements were denied. Matter presented to Federal Grand Jury (FGJ) in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. AUSA Hagg advised on 07/06/1976 that this case was considered by the FGJ on 04/14/1976 and was declared to be nonfelonious. Evidence destroyed.



Jancita Eagle Deer

Allegation: 
AIM member beaten and run over with automobile. Last seen in the company of federal agent-provocateur Douglass Durham. No investigation.

Finding:

Jancita Eagle Deer 
DOB: 00/00/1952
Died 04/04/1975 according to case sheet


Priscilla White Plume

Allegation:

Aim supporter killed at Manderson by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Priscilla White Plume 
File # 70-7939 
DOB: 10/21/1975
Found dead 07/14/1973

Believed struck and killed in a hit and run accident, near Manderson, South Dakota, by a vehicle believed to be driven by Stewart Brings Plenty. (All investigation on the Rosebud Reservation was held in abeyance during this time due to volatile situations involving the Russell Means incident.) On 09/28/1976, South Dakota AUSA Bruce W. Boyd advised he entered a prosecutive memorandum declining prosecution in this matter because there is insufficient evidence to establish a Federal crime has been committed and there is insufficient evidence to establish the perpetrator of this crime. In view of the declination, no further investigation was conducted by the FBI. 


Frank Clearwater

Allegation: 
AIM member killed by heavy machine gun round at Wounded Knee.
No investigation.

Finding:

Frank Clearwater, true name Frank J. Clear 
File # 70-7078 
DOB: 12/15/1925 
Shot 04/17/1973; died 04/25/1973 

Victim was shot at a road block in Wounded Knee, South Dakota, during gunfire fight when federal agents were fired upon and they returned fire. Victim and his wife hitchhiked to Wounded Knee from Cherokee, North Carolina, about three weeks previous, "to help their people." Clearwater died in the hospital and was granted permission to be buried on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. Letter from Director Kelley, dated 08/22/1973, advises facts obtained indicated Clearwater's death was the result of gunfire received from Federal law enforcement officials, after 6-8 individuals began firing at Deputy U.S. Marshals at a road block on 4/13/73. Communication (last serial in file) dated 12/16/1974 states a source advised Dennis Banks ordered Clearwater to be taken outside of the church and shot and this was done. Due to the volatile situation at Wounded Knee at that time, no in depth investigation was conducted as the safety of law enforcement officials would be jeopardized. 


Roxelne Roark

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Porcupine by "unknown assailants."
Investigation open, still "pending."

Finding:

Roxeine Roark 
Filed # 70-8772 
DOB: 03/04/1950
Died 04/19/1974

Teacher at the Porcupine Day School, shot in stomach with a .357 magnum pistol at her residence in Porcupine, South Dakota. Paul Cedar Face and Roxeine were handling a the weapon when it discharged accidentally. Roxeine died enroute to the hospital. Letter dated 09/03/1974, from USA, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, advised this matter was presented to Grand Jury on 08/29/1974 and a no bill was returned. MP closing report dated 09/30/1974.


Buddy Lamont (True Name Lawrence Dean Lamont)

Allegation: 
AIM member hit by M16 fire at Wounded Knee and bled to death while pinned down by fire. No investigation.

Finding:

Buddy Lamont true name Lawrence Dean Lamont 
File # 89-154 
DOB: 12/19/1941
Died 04/27/1973

Shot and killed during gunfire fight with federal officers at a roadblock in Wounded Knee. Volunteer ambulance drivers for the Oglala Sioux Rangers removed his body from the site. South Dakota USA William Clayton requested an autopsy be performed as the shooting occurred during the civil disorder in Wounded Knee. Case closed after autopsy report received.

 
Betty Jo Dubray

Allegation:

AIM supporter beaten to death at Martin, South Dakota.
No investigation.

Finding:

Betty Jo Dubray  4/28/76


Marvin Two Two 

Allegation:

AIM supporter shot to death at Pine Ridge. 
No investigation.

Finding:

Marvin Two Two, aka 
Marvin Melvin Two Two  Deceased 5/6/76
Melvin Marvin Two Two
DOB 8/6/46 

References to Marvin Two Two in unrelated incidents - no investigation into death of Two Two located. 


Julia Pretty Hips

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by "unknown assailants."
No investigation.

Finding:

Julia Pretty Hips  Deceased 5/9/76

Julia Pretty Hips - Victim 
Unknown Cause of Death on 
Pine Ridge Reservation  5/9/76
Possible Murder/Rape 

Julia Pretty Hips, DOB 7/11/12, was found dead near the Public School area of the Pine Ridge Reservation. She was a resident of Gordon, NB.

Autopsy performed on 5/11/76 was unable to contribute death beyond carbon tetrachloide poisoning which led to pneumonia Sperm was found, but no signs of  trauma. 

This case was thoroughly investigated by the Rapid City RA. Since there was no physical evidence beyond autopsy findings, this case was closed administratively on 12/6/76.
 

Ben Sitting Up

Allegation:

AIM member killed at Wanblee by "unknown assailants."
No investigation.

Finding:

Ben Sitting Up - Deceased 5/20/75

Elmer Red Eyes; 
Benjamin Sitting Up (Deceased) - Victim
Isabelle Sitting up - Victim
CIR - Murder; 
CIR - Assault with a Dangerous Weapon 

In May, 1975, Benjamin Sitting Up was killed by an individual using an axe. At first this incident was thought to be from a spousal fight. Subsequently, through interviews of Isabelle Sitting Up, the subject was thought to be Elmer Red Eyes, an I/M they had raised. 

AUSA declined prosecution of Red Eyes because of his mental condition and because the case lacked evidence to prosecute Red Eyes. 

Sam Afraid of Bear

Allegation:

AIM supporter shot to death at Pine Ridge.
Investigation "ongoing."

Finding:

Sam Afraid of Bear - Deceased 5/24/76

Luke Black Elk, Jr.; 
Rudolph Running Shield; 
Samuel Leo Afraid of Bear - Victim 
CIR- Murder 

Body of victim was discovered on the Pine Ridge Reservation on 5/20/76. He had been beaten to death. Rudolph Running Shield pled guilty in 7/77. Luke Black Elk, Jr. was found guilty in U.S. D.C. of 2nd Degree Murder and sentenced to serve 15 years on 2/9/78.

Kenneth Little

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
Investigation still "pending."

Finding:

Kenneth Lee Little - Deceased 6/l/75

Antoine William Blue Bird; 
Kenneth Lee Little - Victim; 
CIR - Voluntary Manslaughter 

Victim was struck with a tire iron in Pine Ridge by subject during a quarrel on 611175. Subject was found guilty in U.S.D.C., Rapid City on 10/14/75 and sentenced on 10/14/75 to 7yrs, 6mos. probation.

 
Kevin Hill (true name Kenneth Mansfield Hill)

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Oglala by "party or parties unknown."
Investigation "still open."

Finding:

Kenneth Mansfield Hill - Deceased 6/5/76

Gary Manuel Cheyenne 
Kevin Mansfield Hill - Victim
CIR - Murder/Robbery 

Victim, DOB  8/14/51, a w/m (white male) from Los Angeles was hitchhiking in Oelrich, S.D. when picked up by subject and three others. Subject stabbed victim 19 times presumably for his money. 

Subject, DOB 2/23/59 and a juvenile, was convicted on 10/12/76 in U.S.D.C. of 2nd Degree Murder. He was sentenced on 1/3/77 to 15 years in prison. Subject appealed case to U.S. Supreme Court, #77-5377, but petition was denied 11/14177. 


Leah Spotted Elk

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Leah Spotted Elk - Deceased 6/15/75

Kenneth John Returns From Scout; 
Leah Spotted Elk - Victim 
CIR - Voluntary Manslaughter 

Subject pled guilty on 10/13/75 to shooting Leah Spotted Elk, his wife, while drinking on 6/15/75 at Wolf Creek, S.D. He was sentenced to 2 years, 5 months probation. 


Clarence Cross

Allegation: 
AIM supporter shot to death in ambush by GOONs. Although assailants were identified by eyewitnesses, brother Vernal Cross, wounded in ambush, was briefly charged with crime. No further investigation.

Finding:

Clarence Cross- Deceased 6/19/73, aka 
Clarence Joseph Cross, Lm, DOB 6/l/39;
Clarence Devill Cross
Clarence Jay Cross
Clarence Davill Cross 

Pearil Marie Claussen; 
Roy Alexander Black Lance,
Bia Police Officer; 
Vernal Cross - Victim; 
Clarence Cross - Victim;

This case was a civil rights case against subjects who supposedly shot and wounded victims during an arrest on 7/11/73, near Batesland, SD. The arrest was for an assault charge filed by Arlene Cross. 

The car  that the victim's were riding in was stopped by the subjects and when victims resisted arrest they were shot by the subjects. Vernal Cross was treated at Gordon, NB Hospital and released. Clarence Cross was shot in the stomach and right thigh and ultimately died of complications at Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO. An autopsy was performed and cause of death was noted at Peritonitic with clinical generalized sepsis from the gun shot wound in the abdomen. 

This case went before a Grand Jury in Sioux Falls, SD and on 8/29/74, a No Bill was returned. The DOJ on 3/9/74 and they advised to conduct no further investigation until the Assaulting a Federal Officer case had been adjudicated. This case, MP 89-183 was destroyed on 9/11/77. 

Conclusion: Based upon the above information, Clarence Cross was alive on 6/19/73 and did not pass away until after 7/11/73. 

In review of file, an exact date of death could not be located. The Denver office (44-1052) was liaison at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. 


Joseph Stuntz Killsright (true name Joseph Bedell Stuntz)

Allegation:

AIM member killed by FBI sniper during Oglala firefight.
No investigation.

Finding:

Joseph Stuntz Killsright; True Name - Joseph Bedell Stuntz, DOB 10/22/51. 

STUNTZ was shot and killed during Resmurs, 6/26/75. Subject was seen shooting at SA's Williams and Coler at Jumping Bull Community and his body was found alongside the Green House near the edge of the cliff. Stuntz was apparently shot by a law enforcement officer at the scene. When the body of Stuntz was found, he was wearing a SWAT fatigue jacket with "F.B.I." on the back, belonging to SA Coler that had apparently been taken from the trunk of SA Coler's vehicle after SA Coler was shot.

NOTE: There are numerous references in MP file 70-10239 (RESMURS) re subject. Subject was a suspect in this case. Apparently no separate case file was opened by the Minneapolis FBI re investigation into the death of Stuntz.


Betty Means

Allegation:

AIM member killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Betty Means

John Francis Good Voice;
Arlene Jeanette Good Voice;
Betty Lou Means - Victim
CIR - Manslaughter
File #: 198-525*

On 7/3/76, Betty Lou Means, Age 27, found dead along Highway 18 several miles east of Pine Ridge, South Dakota on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Victim apparently hit by vehicle.

Investigation reflected that John Francis Good Voice was driving vehicle which struck victim. Investigation also reflected that his wife Arlene Jeanette Good Voice grabbed and jerked steering wheel which caused vehicle to hit victim.

On 12/2/76, the USA's Office, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, declined prosecution of John Francis Good Voice for the reasons that he is guilty of leaving the scene of an accident, a crime not prosecutable in Federal Court.

On 7/8/77, Arlene Good Voice pled guilty to Assault, Title 18, United States Code, Sections 1153 and 113(d) and received 18 months probation on 8/22/77 in United States District Court, Rapid City, South Dakota.

James Briggs Yellow

Allegation:

Heart attack caused by FBI air assault on his home.
No investigation.

Finding:

James Briggs Yellow, true name James Brings Yellow

No file found


Andrew Paul Stewart

Allegation: 
Nephew of AIM spiritual leader Leonard Crow Dog, killed by GOONs on Pine Ridge. No investigation.

Finding:

Andrew Paul Stewart

Unknown Subject;
Andrew Stewart - Victim
CIR - Murder
File #: 70-10333*

O n 7/26/75, a Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Agency Special Officer, Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota advised that Andrew Stewart, Indian male, was dead on arrival at Public Health Service Hospital, Rosebud, South Dakota on 7/26/75. Stewart was shot in the head. 

On 2/5/76, Assistant U. S. Attorney David R. Gienapp, Sioux Falls, South Dakota declined prosecution in the death of Andrew Stewart in view of the fact no specific subjects developed and also due to the fact the autopsy report revealed the cause of death for Andrew Stewart was probably a self-inflicted gunshot wound, such as a suicidal injury.

In view of the fact that the allegation by Chris Horvath, Rosebud, South Dakota, proved to be false and also due to the fact AUSA Gienapp declined prosecution in the Andrew Stewart case, no further investigation conducted by Minneapolis FBI


Julius Bad Heart Bull

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Oglala by "person or persons unknown."
No investigation.

Finding:

Julius Bad Heart Bull

Bartholomew Joseph Long, aka
Bart Long;
Julius Bad Heart Bull - Victim
(Deceased)
CIR - Murder
File #: 70-8002*


Julius Bad Heart Bull was the victim of an assault occurring near Oglala, South Dakota, on 7/30/73. Witnesses to incident advised Bartholomew Joseph Long knocked victim on ground with fist, picked up a 2 x 4 board, approximately three feet long, containing several protruding nails and hit victim in the head several times. Victim died at St. Joseph's Hospital, Rapid City, South Dakota at 8:20 a.m., 7/31/73. 

Subject arrested on 8/3/73 and charged with Crime on Indian Reservation - Second Degree Murder.

On 1/11/74, subject appeared in United States District Court for the District of South Dakota, Rapid City, South Dakota and was sentenced to the custody of the Attorney General or his authorized representative for a period of life.

On 4/19/74 Bartholomew Joseph Long was committed to the custody of the Attorney General for 10 Years.

Sandra Wounded Foot

Allegation: AIM supporter killed at Sharp's Corners by "unknown assailants."
No investigation.

Finding:

Sandra Wounded Foot

Paul Duane Herman, Jr.;
Sandra Ellen Wounded Foot - Victim;
CIR - Murder (A)
File #: 198-533*

On 8/16/76, Sandra Ellen Wounded Foot, age 15, was found shot in the head twice and naked in a remote area of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. 

Subject Paul Duane Herman, Jr., who was a Bureau of Indian Affairs Investigator, was believed responsible for the murder. The victim was last seen alive with Herman in the early morning of 8/14/76. 

On 8/16/78, a Federal Grand Jury for the District of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, South Dakota returned a true bill charging Paul Duane Herman, Jr., with violation of Title 18, U.S. Code, Sections 1153 and 1111. Herman was arrested on 8/24/78 at Fort McDowell, Arizona. 

On 12/19/78, Herman pled guilty in U.S. District Court, Rapid City, South Dakota, to a superseding information charging him with violation of Title 18, U.S. Code, Sections 1153 and 1112, Voluntary Manslaughter. On 2/9/79, Herman was sentenced to ten years in the custody of the Attorney General for the above violations. 

A newspaper article dated 2/19/79 from the Rapid City Journal, Rapid City, South Dakota indicated, in part, that two Pine Ridge Reservation organizations upset at the sentence imposed on Herman, a former Bureau of Indian Affairs policeman.

The Oglala Sioux Tribal Lawyers Association and Women of all Red Nations contend the charge and sentencing are evidence of a dual standard of justice and that Herman should have been charged with murder.

The groups contend that Herman was protected from murder prosecution because of his BIA position. Assistant U.S. Attorney, Gary Colbath said the decision to allow a guilty plea to a lesser charge was decided "strictly on the facts of the case."


Randy Hunter

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Kyle by "party or parties unknown."
Investigation still "ongoing."

Finding:

Randy Hunter

Vern Carlin Top Bear;
Randy Hunter - Victim
CIR - Murder
File#: 70-10450*

On evening of 8/25-26/75, Randy Hunter, Indian male, date of birth 11/16/55, was shot to death in the new housing, Kyle, South Dakota. Vern Carlin Top Bear, Indian male, date of birth 2/6/57, identified through witnesses as threatening victim with rifle and subsequently shooting rifle which resulted in Hunter's death. Top Bear was released to third party custody of his father on a $5,000 unsecured bond. 

On 10/13/75, Vern Carlin Top Bear was found not guilty, by a jury, in United States District Court, Rapid City, of the indictment charging him with Second Degree Murder in violation of United States Code, Title 18, Sections 1153 and 1111.


Dennis LeCompte

Allegation:

AIM member killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Dennis LeCompte

Glenn Hermis Three Stars, Aka;
Dennis Delbert Le Compte, Jr. - Victim
Cir - Voluntary Manslaughter
File #: 70-9127*

On 9/7/74, the Pine Ridge, South Dakota, Police Department dispatched radio broadcast indicating fight at the Glenn Three Stars residence, Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Upon arrival police found children in living room and LeCompte in northwest bedroom. Three Stars admitted shooting victim Dennis LeCompte during a struggle after LeCompte stabbed Three Stars' son with a knife. Three Stars arraigned before U.S. Magistrate, Rapid City, South Dakota on 9/9/74 and released on $5,000 Personal Bond to third party custody of Oglala Sioux Tribal Chairman Richard Wilson. 

On 6/23/75 Three Stars indicted by Federal Grand Jury, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Title 18, Section 1153, USC. Bond set at $5,000, ten percent.

On 10/15/75, Three Stars' trial commenced U.S. District Court, Deadwood, South Dakota. On 10/17/75, Three Stars found not guilty on charge of Voluntary Manslaughter.


Howard Blue Bird

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Howard Blue Bird

Le Roy Apple;
Howard Blue Bird - Victim
CIR - Voluntary Manslaughter
File #: 70-10509*

On 9/4/75, at 11:56 a.m., the Pine Ridge, South Dakota Police Department received telephone call from unknown female indicating a fight and stabbing at the Le Roy Apple residence in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Upon arrival Pine Ridge Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) policeman found victim Blue Bird lying in kitchen area. BIA and FBI responded to location of incident. On 9/5/75, Federal Grand Jury, Rapid City, South Dakota returned true bill charging subject with violation of Title 18, USC, Sections 1153 and 1112. On 9/10/75 subject Le Roy Apple interviewed and admitted stabbing Blue Bird. 

On 10/15/75, subject Apple appeared before U.S. District Court, Deadwood, South Dakota, pled guilty to violation Title 18, U.S. Code, Section 113(c), Assault with a Deadly Weapon to Commit Bodily Injury. Subject Apple sentenced to one year in the custody of the Attorney General with no probation.


Jim Little

Allegation: 
AIM supporter stomped to death by GOONs in Oglala.
No investigation.

Finding:

Jim Little

Thomas Chief Eagle;
Cecil Bear Robe;
Johnson Bear Robe;
Fred Marrowbone;
James Little - Victim
CIR - Murder
File #: 70-10508*

On 9/10/75, between the hours of 5:00 and 5:30 p.m., James Little, Indian male, was kicked and beaten to death at the new housing, Oglala, South Dakota. Tom Chief Eagle, Cecil Bear Robe, Johnson Bear Robe and Fred Marrowbone identified through witnesses as having participated in the beating death of victim Little. Subjects arrested by Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Officers on 9/11/75.

On 10/20/75 a Jury sitting in trial at Rapid City, South Dakota found subjects Thomas Chief Eagle, Johnson Bear Robe and Fred Marrowbone guilty of Voluntary Manslaughter, Title 18, U.S. Code, Section 1112(a). Cecil Bear Robe was found not guilty on same date. 

On 12/5/75, Thomas Chief Eagle was sentenced to the custody of the U.S. Attorney for a period of six years; Johnson Bear Robe was sentenced to the custody of the U.S. Attorney General for a period of four years pursuant to the Federal Youth Corrections Act and Fred Marrowbone was sentenced to the custody of the U.S. Attorney General for a period of six years.


Jackson Washington Cutt

Allegation: 
AIM member killed at Parmalee by "unknown individuals."
Investigation still "ongoing."

Finding:

Jackson Washington Cutt

Rudolph Runs Above;
Jackson Washington Cutt - Victim
CIR - Murder
File #: 70-9148*

On 9/11/73, at 9:00 a.m., victim Jackson Washington Cutt's dead body was found in front of a residence in Parmelee, South Dakota. Information from witnesses and possible suspects indicated victim involved in fight sometime early morning 9/11/73. 

An eyewitness observed Rudolph Runs Above hit victim Cutt over head with hatchet. Runs Above arrested on 12/27/73, Parmelee, South Dakota by Rosebud Police Department. Subject appeared before U.S. Magistrate, Pierre, South Dakota, on 12/27/73, and was remanded to custody of U.S. Marshal in lieu of $2,000 ten percent bond. 

On 1/29/75 witness re-interviewed and advised that only difference from previous statement was that he did not actually see Rudolph Runs Above strike the victim with a hatchet. On 1/29/75 subject re-interviewed, admitted being near scene but denied involvement and denied knowledge of who perpetrated the crime. 

By letter to Minneapolis FBI dated 3/18/75, Assistant U.S. Attorney Robert D. Hiaring, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, advised that a motion and order to dismiss the indictment in the above captioned matter was filed on 3/13/75.

Hiaring advised that the USA's Office had closed their file in the above captioned case. As a result of this information, no further investigation conducted by the Minneapolis FBI.

 
Robert Reddy 

Allegation: 
AIM member killed at Kyle by gunshot.
No investigation.

Finding:

Robert Reddy 9/16/1974

Case: 198-503
Title: Unsubs;
Robert Anthony Reddy, Sr. - Victim:
CIR - Murder

Victim found dead by two young girls on 12/16/1974 near Kyle, S.D., on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Autopsy revealed Reddy died of two stab wounds through the heart. Victim identified as Robert Anthony Reddy, Sr., DOB 08/31/1932, POB Pine Ridge, S.D., 3/16th Indian, resident of Kyle, S.D. Repeated efforts to polygraph suspect, George White Thunder, of Kyle, a transient, met with negative results. Last contact with the Captain of the Oglala Sioux P.D. reflected White Thunder was unwilling to take a polygraph. A 04/5/1979 memo advised that a previously scheduled polygraph appointment for White Thunder was made, but White Thunder was avoiding law enforcement. No further investigation being made to contact White Thunder, as he would not take polygraph. Evidence is being retained in this case. The case was closed on 04/5/1979, but the case will be reopened if additional evidence is obtained or White Thunder submits to a polygraph.
 

Melvin Spider

Allegation: 
AIM member killed in Porcupine, South Dakota.
No investigation.

Finding:

Melvin Spider 9/22/1973

Case: 70-8216
Title: Unsubs;
Melvin Spider - Victim;
CIR - Manslaughter 
On 09/22/1973, BIA Officer Barbara Brughier requested FBI assistance with regard to Melvin Spider being found dead on the road between Porcupine and Sharp's Corner on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Brughier said Spider was either a victim of a hit and run by a motor vehicle or by a severe blow to the head. Interviews reflect Spider was drunk prior to his death. An autopsy on 09/22/73 revealed Spider died on 09/21/1973 of extensive cerebral lacerations of the brain, which were traumatic in nature, the cause of which was not obvious. Spider was a resident of Porcupine, S.D. During an interview, Ronnie Kills Warrior advised Jerome Kills Small bragged to him in a bar of possibly hitting Spider, however, no one else heard the conversation and Kills Small had been drinking the night Spider died. On 08/15/1974, Roger Earl Byrd, a worker at Borman Chevy in Gordon, was interviewed and advised the day Spider was killed an old rusty Chevy auto was towed in for repair work, he fixed it, and recalled seeing blood spattered on the passenger headrest and blood on an iron rod in the backseat. Byrd cleaned the vehicle after he worked on it and no one else at the shop saw the vehicle. Byrd recalled no outside damage to the vehicle. Byrd had been drinking prior to his interview. An interview with Jerry Borman, owner, Borman Chevy, advised his records showed no vehicles were towed in from Sharp's Corner on or about 09/22/1973.. Borman further advised that Roger Earl Byrd was not a reliable worker, had not done much work for him, and only worked on their grease rack. On 02/18/1975, this case was closed because all interviews met with negative results. This case will be reopened if the unknown subject is identified or other positive information is obtained.


Philip Black Elk

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed when his house exploded.
No investigation.

Finding:

Philip Black Elk 9/23/1973

Case: 174-837 Case: Accidental Propane Gas Explosion Victim
Wounded Knee, S.D.
06/20/1973

On 6/30/73, the private residence of Phillip Black Elk was completely destroyed by a propane gas explosion. Investigation determined that the explosion was caused by a leakage of propane gas within the residence. A thorough neighborhood investigation was conducted which revealed there had been a previous problem with propane gas leakage in the neighborhood over the previous two weeks.

Immediately after the explosion, Black Elk advised he entered the residence and attempted to light the pilot on the hot water heater when the explosion occurred.

Black Elk suffered severe burns and was immediately taken to the Pine Ridge Community Hospital, where he was listed in serious condition. Shortly thereafter, Black Elk was flown to Fitzsimmons General Hospital, Denver, Colorado, where he died.


Aloysius Long Soldier

Allegation: 
AIM member killed at Kyle, South Dakota, by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Aloysius Long Soldier 10/5/1973
Case: 70-12206 (only three serials in file)
Title: Unsub;
Aloysius Long Soldier - Victim;
Larry Long Soldier - Victim;
CIR - Murder

On 02/09/1977, DCI, contacted the FBI regarding an investigation their office was conducting. Minneapolis indices checks revealed no record of Aloysius Long Soldier being a murder victim. A prior indice search on 12/27/1976 also revealed no record of Aloysius Long Soldier, or his brother, Larry Long Soldier, being murder victims. Aloysius Long Soldier was born on 11/12/1939 and died on 10/07/1974. It appeared Larry Long Soldier died a year after Aloysius. On 2/16/1977, per her request, Germaine Long Soldier was interviewed by SA's regarding her brother, Aloysius', death. Germaine advised Aloysius died outside the Mary Ellen Bull Bear residence in Kyle, after being shot in the head. The gun belonged to Mary Bull Bear. There appeared to be a question by Germaine as to whether Aloysius shot himself or was shot. On 02/28/1977, the BIA investigative file into the death of Aloysius was reviewed and copied. It was the conclusion of the BIA (Case No. PR-74-62) that there was no evidence that the death of Aloysius was nothing other than a suicide and their case was closed. In view of the BIA investigative results, and since Germaine Long Soldier was unable to offer any new evidence into her brother's death, no further investigation remained and the FBI closed its file. The last serial was dated 03/11/1977.


Phillip Little Crow 

Allegation: 
AIM supporter beaten to death by GOONs at Pine Ridge.
No investigation.

Finding:

Phillip Little Crow 10/10/1973

Case: 70-8409-78 (Minneapolis file)
PR-74-78 (BIA Case Number)
Title: Irby Leroy Hand, aka;
Phillip Emery Little Crow - Victim;
CIR - Manslaughter

On 11/14/1973, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, Irby Leroy Hand, in a sudden quarrel and heat of passion, killed Phillip Emery Little Crow by striking him with his fists. Phillip Emery Little Crow was born 09/08/1920, had FBI# 166873A and had SSN 503-12-2820. Hand signed a confession. Autopsy results revealed Little Crow died of a skull fracture. On 08/28/1974, Hand was sentenced to five years custody of the Attorney General and AUSA Brian Hagg, Rapid City, closed the case. On 04/15/1976, AUSA Hagg advised the FBI to destroy the evidence.


Pedro Bissonette

Allegation: 
Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization (OSCRO) organizer and AIM supporter assassinated by BIA Police/GOONs. Body removed from Pine Ridge jurisdiction prior to autopsy by government contract coroner. No investigation.

Finding:

Pedro Bissonette 10/17/1973


Cases: 44-763; 70-6867
Title: Joseph Lee Clifford, Jr., aka;
Evans Duane Rencountre, aka:
BIA Police Officers, Pine Ridge, S.D.;
Pedro Aloyisious Bissonette - Victim (deceased);

Indices References: 190-318-31 (deceased); 70-10239-N-306, 462, 563, Sub A 251 (09/75 deceased); 157-3345 (10/73 shooting); 70-8549-21 (01/74 victim); 44-763, and 70-6867.

Article in 157-3345-46, 47, says Pedro Bissonette was killed on a highway four miles north of Pine Ridge. BIA officers tried to arrest Bissonette on two fugitive warrants, one stemming from his Wounded Knee activities. When Bissonette advanced on the officers with a raised 30.06, he was shot. Prior to the time he was shot, Bissonette previously eluded two other BIA police officers five hours earlier. Bissonette was one of the AIM leaders at the 71-day Wounded Knee takeover. Autopsy results revealed Bissonette was killed by a single shotgun blast in the chest fired by a police officer. 

Olivia Binals (True Name Olivia Bianas)

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed in Porcupine by "person or persons unknown."
Investigation still "open."

Finding:

Olivia Binals 10/26/1975, true name Olivia Bianas, nee Lays Bad

Case: 70-10609
Title: Norman Bernard Bianas;
Olivia Bianas, nee lays Bad - Victim (deceased);
CIR - Voluntary Manslaughter

On 10/26/1975, the BIA contacted the FBI to advise that Olivia Bianas was found dead at her home. An autopsy revealed Olivia died of a cerebral hemorrhage caused by a severe beating. Witnesses observed Norman Bianas beat his wife on the day she died. On 10/27/75, the AUSA had Norman Bianas arrested. On 11/13/1975, when being fingerprinted by a U.S. Marshal, Norman was asked his wife's name and he said that was the one he killed. On 01/23/1976, Norman pled not guilty to voluntary manslaughter, but withdrew it on 03/8/1976. On 07/09/1976, Norman was sentenced to eight years custody of the AG. Case closed 07/09/1976. A 04/01/1980 news article stated Bianas charged he did not understand his proceedings and had an ineffective attorney, but the U.S. Federal Appeals Court upheld his verdict.

 
Janice Black Bear

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Manderson by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Janice Black Bear 10/26/1975

Case: 70-10608
Title: George Michael Twiss;
Janice Joyce Black Bear - Victim;
CIR - Involuntary Manslaughter

Janice Joyce Black Bear, born 06/28/1956, died on 10/26/1975. An autopsy revealed the cause of Black Bear's death was cerebral contusions. Contributing death factors were acute alcoholism and phenobarb/qualude intoxication. Twiss advised the Pine Ridge P.D. that he drank with victim all evening at a bar and they left together. Janice was pregnant at the time of her death with Twiss' child. Twiss recalled little after leaving the bar, until he awoke at home, wherein he had blood on his arms, shirt and pant leg. Twiss was arrested by the BIA when they arrived at his home and he was washing his hands. Twiss' left side vehicle headlamp was broken. On 07/06/1976, Twiss pled guilty to Involuntary Manslaughter. On 09/03/1976, Twiss was sentenced to three years custody of the Attorney General. The case was heard by Judge Andrew Bogue in Rapid City.


Michelle Tobacco

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by "unknown persons."
No investigation.

Finding:

Michelle Tobacco 10/27/1975

Case: 70-10604
Title: Velvedere Linda Tobacco;
Michele Linda Tobacco - Victim (age 9 mos.);
CIR - Murder 

Michelle Linda Tobacco, age 9 months, died on 10/27/1975. SA Hughes observed victim and took photographs of crime scene. Velvedere Tobacco, mother of victim Michelle, advised that she drank 16 beers, tripped, and fell with her baby. When Tobacco awoke, Michelle was dead. Autopsy revealed victim died on 10/27/1975 of acute pneumonitis and hemorrhage to her adrenal gland. On 01/20/1976, AUSA, Rapid City, declined prosecution.


Delphine Crow Dog 

Allegation: 
Sister of AIM spiritual leader Leonard Crow Dog. Beaten by BIA police and left lying in a field. Died from "exposure." No investigation.

Finding:

Delphine Crow Dog 11/16/1974

No file found in Minneapolis office


Elaine Wagner

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by "person or persons unknown."
No investigation.

Finding:

Elaine Wagner, aka
Pokie Jack,
Elaine McKewen

File Number 70-9410
Date of birth: 07/10/1954
Date of death: 11/30/1974
Place of death: Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Cause of death: Exposure

Summary: On 11/30/1974 the body of Elaine Wagner was found in a creek bottom in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Wagner's body was nude from the chest down and had thorn-type scratches from the chest down. Wagner's clothing was several feet from the body. Autopsy showed Wagner died of exposure. Interviews revealed that at about 4:00 p.m. 11/29/1974 Wagner joined two car loads of persons. Investigation showed Wagner drinking with several individuals on the evening of 11/29/1974. After drinking for several hours Wagner went to the home of Joe Bear Nose. At approximately 10:00 p.m. on 11/29/1974 Wagner left the Bear Nose house. The body was found on the afternoon of 11/30/1974 approximately 100 yards from the Bear Nose house.

Disposition: On 09/03/1975 this matter was presented to the federal grand jury in Rapid City, South Dakota. At the conclusion of the presentation no subject had been developed and all available leads had been exhausted. From all the evidence, this matter appeared to be a non-felonious death, and the U.S. Attorney's Office requested no further investigation.


Allison Fast Horse

Allegation:

AIM supporter shot to death near Pine Ridge by "unknown assailants."
No investigation.

Finding:

Allison Fast Horse, true name Allison Little Spotted Horse, Jr.

File Number: 70-8413

UNKNOWN SUBJECTS;
ALLISON LITTLE SPOTTED HORSE, JR. - VICTIM;
CIR - MURDER

Victim, an Indian male, born 3/26/58, Pine Ridge, SD, was found shot to death on Chadron Road approximately one mile south of Oglala, SD on the morning of 11/23/73. He had been shot in the chest with a .22 caliber bullet.

An autopsy listed as excessive bleeding caused when the bullet severed the victim's aorta. Examination of physical evidence failed to provide any indication as to the identity of any possible subjects that could have killed Little Spotted Horse.

Extensive interviews were conducted of all individuals who could be identified as coming into contact with the victim as well as other individuals in the area. No information could be provided leading to the identity of the subject. All leads were exhausted and no logical investigation remained, therefore the Minneapolis FBI closed its investigation in February of 1977.


John S. Moore

Allegation:

20 year old Penobscot from Maine, AIM supporter stabbed to death in Lincoln, Nebraska. With stab wounds through the neck and face, and with other cuts and bruises, death was ruled a "suicide." Eight years later, the "suicide" ruling was changed, but no further investigation.

Finding:

John Stephen Moore

File references: 70-9433-15
157-3977-80p2 
Date of birth: 03/20/1954
Date of death: 12/02/1974
Place of death: Lincoln, Nebraska
Cause of death: Suicide


Summary: On 12/02/1974 Lincoln, Nebraska, Police Department executed a search warrant for the barracks housing the Wounded Knee Defense Offense Legal Committee. The warrant was based on the armed robbery of local residents by four Indian males. Three individuals (Laurence V. Red Shirt, Garrett E. Wounded Head, and Larry J. Martinez) were arrested in connection with the robbery. John S. Moore, the fourth suspect in the robbery, was found dead in the barracks. He was fatally stabbed through the neck and the right side of his face. The autopsy report indicated death was caused by suicide.

Disposition: Death by suicide. Based on review of the above files, no investigation was conducted by FBI, Minneapolis Division.


Carl Plenty Arrows Sr.

Allegation:

AIM supporter shot to death near Pine Ridge by "person or persons unknown."
No investigation.

Finding:

Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr.

File Number 70-10751 
Date of birth: 05/30/1933
Date of death: 12/05/1975
Place of death: Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Cause of death: Multiple gunshot wounds


Summary: At 6:30 p.m., 12/05/1975, Glen Thomas Janis (09/20/1936) shot Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr., and Frank Claude LaPointe at Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr., was pronounced dead at the scene. Frank LaPointe subsequently died at the Gordon Hospital, Gordon, Nebraska, on 12/05/1975. Janis voluntarily turned himself in to Pine Ridge authorities on 12/05/1975. During interview with FBI Agents on 12/06/1975, Janis admitted shooting Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr. Janis identified through witnesses as having shot both victims.

Disposition: On 03/29/1976 Glen Janis pled guilty to second degree murder and voluntary manslaughter (Title 18, USC, Sections 1153, 1111, and 1112). On 06/15/1976 Janis was sentenced to 20 years on count II and 10 years on count I, sentence to run concurrently. 


Frank La Pointe

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Frank Claude La Pointe

File Number 70-10751 
Date of birth: 11/20/1958
Date of death: 12/05/1975
Place of death: Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Cause of death: Bullet wound through the abdomen


Summary: At 6:30 p.m., 12/05/1975, Glen Thomas Janis (09/20/1936) shot Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr., and Frank Claude LaPointe at Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr., was pronounced dead at the scene. Frank LaPointe subsequently died at the Gordon Hospital, Gordon, Nebraska, on 12/05/1975. Janis voluntarily turned himself in to Pine Ridge authorities on 12/05/1975. During interview with FBI Agents on 12/06/1975, Janis admitted shooting Carl Plenty Arrows, Sr. Janis identified through witnesses as having shot both victims.

Disposition: On 03/29/1976 Glen Janis pled guilty to second degree murder and voluntary manslaughter (Title 18, USC, Sections 1153, 1111, and 1112). On 06/15/1976 Janis was sentenced to 20 years on count II and 10 years on count I, sentence to run concurrently.


Floyd S. Binals

Allegation: 
AIM supporter killed at Pine Ridge by GOONs.
No investigation.

Finding:

Floyd Sherman Bianas

File Number 70-9479 
Date of birth: 08/08/1973
Date of death: 12/25/1974
Place of death: Kyle, South Dakota (Pine Ridge Reservation)
Cause of death: Massive hemorrhage resulting from extensive lacerations of the liver (beating)


Summary: On 12/25/1974 Floyd Sherman Bianas (16 months old) was killed at the residence of Marion High Bull. High Bull stated he fell with Bianas. No one else was present. The body of Yvette Lorraine Lone Hill (age 7) was discovered on 12/28/1974. Lone Hill had scars and bruises all over her body and had obviously been beaten. John Little Bear (age 7) advised he observed Marion High Bull hit Yvette Lone Hill. On 12/30/1974 Marion High Bull was arrested by FBI Agents.

Disposition: Marion Allen High Bull was tried by a jury and on 10/08/1975 High Bull was found guilty of one count of voluntary manslaughter (Title 18, USC, Section 1112) and one count of second degree murder (Title 18, USC, Section 1111). On the same date he was sentenced to 10 years count 1 and 20 years count 2, sentences to run concurrent.


Yvette Loraine Lone Hill

Allegation:

AIM supporter killed at Kyle by "unknown party or parties."
No investigation.

Finding:

Yvette Lorraine Lone Hill

File Number 70-9479 
Date of birth: 12/28/1967
Date of death: 12/28/1974
Place of death: Kyle, South Dakota (Pine Ridge Reservation)
Cause of death: Pneumonia brought on by beatings


Summary: On 12/25/1974 Floyd Sherman Bianas (16 months old) was killed at the residence of Marion High Bull. High Bull stated he fell with Bianas. No one else was present. The body of Yvette Lorraine Lone Hill (age 7) was discovered on 12/28/1974. Lone Hill had scars and bruises all over her body and had obviously been beaten. John Little Bear (age 7) advised he observed Marion High Bull hit Yvette Lone Hill. On 12/30/1974 Marion High Bull was arrested by FBI Agents.

Disposition: Marion Allen High Bull was tried by a jury and on 10/08/1975 High Bull was found guilty of one count of voluntary manslaughter (Title 18, USC, Section 1112) and one count of second degree murder (Title 18, USC, Section 1111). On the same date he was sentenced to 10 years count 1 and 20 years count 2, sentences to run concurrent.